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TASK ONE – P1 and M1

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(P1) The UK government is the main government and this is where all the
decisions are made or discussed.

(M1) The UK government is the highest government there is. As this is the
highest government they will have loads of responsibilities. Some of the UK

government’s responsibilities are making sure that all the other level
governments are doing everything right and are running smoothly.
Executive Government
(P1) Executive Government is directed by the United States. They are the final
authority in decisions with governments.
(M1) This department is one of the three highest governments below the UK
government. The Executive Government has many responsibilities, one of the
main responsibility that this government does it supporting and enforcing most
of the laws that are made by the legislative branch.
(P1) The Judiciary has the authorities of the country.
(M1) Another one of the three highest governments that are just below the UK
government is this one. Judiciary’s responsibilities enforce the law by the
judges in court. This is their main responsibility for the Judiciary government
(P1) This is the body of a court or a state.
(M1)The last of the three high level governments is Legislature. In the
legislature government they decide on new laws and checks over the older
laws that were made to see if they are suitable.
Regional Government
(P1) This government has entity control on their specific small areas.
(M1)The regional government is below the Executive government. Some of the
responsibilities they have are implying plans into the areas that they are
responsible for.
UK Court
(P1) The UK Court is the final court of appeal.
(M1) This falls under the Judiciary. The UK court responsibilities are to force
the law on people who have committed a crime in the law and to give out
certain punishments that are suitable for the criminal.
House of Commons
(P1) The House of Commons is the upper house of the parliament.
(M1) The House of Commons is high up in the ranks which causes it to have a
quite a few responsibilities, such as working with the Chamber, their
responsibilities that they have are making the laws along with debating about
the proposals.
Devolved Government
(P1) Devolved government refers to the statutory granting of power.
(M1) The devolved government is given power by the central government and
then are responsible for them to make decisions in their certain areas; this
government has the power to enforce plans to be effective and action. As this
isn’t a high ranked government their responsibilities are a lot less.
Law System
(P1) The Law system is a system of the civil law and the common laws.
(M1) The law system is responsible for to enforce the law to civilians which will
prevent crimes from happening. This is an important responsibility to maintain.
(P1) The Monarchy is a form of government with a monarch as a head of it.
(M1) The Monarchy government only has one main responsibility that has to
always be maintained which is overseeing the government seeing if everything
is good.
Local Authorities
(P1) This is an administrative body within the local government.
(M1) As this isn’t a very high level, they won’t have to be responsible for many
things. A couple of their responsibilities are they provide advice support to
help individuals how care support system works. Also they try to reduce or
decrease the needs for care and support.
House of Lords
(P1) The house of Lords is the lower chambers in the house.
(M1) This is the lowest rank that falls below the Legislature. One of the
responsibilities that the house of lords has is checking and challenging the
governments. They also share their role with the House of Commons.
European Parliament
(P1) The European parliament is the EU parliamentary assembly.
(M1) The European Parliament has many different responsibilities. This is a
parliament that looks after the UK along with different European countries.
These are important responsibilities.
Central Government
(P1) The Central government is where everything comes from.
(M1) This is the lowest level that falls under the Executive government. As this
is the lowest rank they won’t have loads of responsibilities. One of the
responsibilities that the central government has is to ensure that the laws are
acceptable and necessary.
Class notes
Home Office
Cabinet Minister – Amber Rudd
Home Office is the ministerial department of the Majesty’s government. In the
Home Office, ministers have many different responsibilities that they have to
succeed in. The responsibilities for the currently minsters who is Amber Rudd is
responsible for reducing and preventing any crime that may occur to make
sure the public feel safe where they live. Another responsible Amber Rudd has
is to ensure that immigration control is working and stopping any illegal
immigrant getting in.
The Home Office will get involved with the public services and will have
different responsibilities for them as well. The department’s responsibilities for
the public services will involve the police services and fire prevention and
rescue service. The Home Offices responsibilities for the police force are to
provide money that they get to give out to other parts and they are also
responsible to organise everything in the police services. The department
expect the Police force to prevent crime in their certain areas where they are
based; the aim is to make it safer for all of the civilians and make the areas a
better place. They are also responsible for their performance.
Cabinet Minister – Michael Fallon
The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is apart the British government department. The Ministry of
Defence which involved the UK armed forces such as, the Army, RAF, Navy, Marines and the
Special Forces. MOD is here to protect our country and aboard. This department will work
with other allied forces and partners when needed to. Michael Fallon is responsible for all
these armed forces. The responsibility Michael Fallon has is to defend the UK and our
territories aboard from being attacked. Michael Fallon will provide the UK armed forces to
other countries and provide for stabilisation. He is also responsible for providing the forces
to support the civilians, when they are in emergency.
The Ministry of Defence will get involved with the UK armed forces when needed to in any
emergency to provide support. The responsibilities that the Ministry of Defence has for the
armed public services are to provide money to function their equipment etc. Another
responsibilities that they have is ensure that all the individuals in the armed forces get their
training, along with support in their jobs and to ensure that every single department in the
armed force have the right equipment for their job to be effective.
In the electoral processes that are used in the United Kingdom elections there
are many different stages until you reach the end. There are two different
election processes in the UK. One is called General election and the other one
is called Local election.
Local election is someone wanting to get voted in to
look after their local councils and will be responsible for
roads, footpath, libraries etc. If an individual wanted to
stand to be elected as head of their local council they’ll have to meet all the
rules before applying. A person that is filling in the application form will have
to be over 18 years old as that is the minimum age require set. He/she will also
have to be a British citizen and a citizen of the ROI. Wherever the individual
live they will have to be registered in local authority. Another requires which
has to be reached is that certain person will have to of lived in their area for at
least 12 months before nomination. If that person is everything above they’ll
be edible to apply to the declaration of the vote of becoming their local
countries head.
The general election is the representatives to the
legislature such as the House of Commons. When an
individual is filling out the application form to stand for
election they’ll have to reach a set of requires like you do in the local election.
Every individual that is standing for election has to be over 18 years old, along
with being British citizen and a citizen of the ROI. Also they have to be a
commonwealth citizen as well. If that person reaches all the requirements,
they are able to stand to be elected.
During the voting process they will be many different voting systems that have
to be used until they get to the end of the voting system, where the results will
be given out. In the voting system there are around six different voting types.
First past the post
First past the post is mostly used to elected MP’s for the
House of Commons etc. First past the post is used in the
general election. In this voting system there will be all the different parties that
hope to get elected. At the side of the names there will be a box and people
will put a cross next to the names that they want to vote for.
Single transferable vote
This voting system is mostly used in general elections for
individuals wanting to get in the House of Commons. In this
voting system the different names will be on the sheet. The public will rank
who they want to become an MP by numbering them. 5 will be the best and 1
is the worst. All the numbers will be added up at the end and whoever has the
highest number they will win that voting system.
Alternative vote
This voting system is used to elect the majority of chairs in
the House of Commons. This is also used to elect the lord
speaker and for hereditary peers. In this voting system the public will rank their
preference by marking 1 to 3 on the candidate’s name. If a candidate reaches
over 50 per cent of the first preference vote, they’ll be elected. If no candidate
reaches 50 per cent the candidate with least first
preference, they will be eliminated. The election will then
have a second vote.
Supplementary vote
This voting system is used to elect the Mayor of London.
This voting system is similar to the alternative vote. In this you’ll have to
options. The first one is the individual’s first preference. Then there will be
another column on their second preference. Candidates most achieve over 50
per cent on the first preference to be elected. If no candidate receives over 50
per cent threshold, the two with the highest number of votes will retained and
other will be eliminated. The two remaining will have another vote and the one
will the most votes will be elected.
Additional member system
The additional member system is used to elect the Scottish
parliament and more. Voter will have to chances to vote.
The first vote must be for an individual candidate and the other one for a
party. The individuals vote will be using first past the pole and the party one
are the representatives are elected to a larger region. The percentage of the
party vote will determine the overall number of representatives.
Closed party list
This is also used to elect members for the EU Parliament.
In this voting system voters will put a cross next to the
party they would wish to support throughout the election. This can also be a
multimember constituency. Member with the most votes will be elected.
There are the main stages that the candidates or parties will have to go
through when wanting to be elected. For the local election some stages will be
different to the general election as it isn’t as popular.
In the local election candidates will firstly have to sign the application form to
see if they are eligible to be elected in their local area. After completing the
first stage the candidate will go through a stage of standing as a independent
candidate. Then following this stage it’ll be standing as a party. This will include
spending and requesting donations. After these couple stages are completed
it’ll be the campaign itself to get the public on their side. The candidates will
then have to attend key electoral events such as speeches or advertising. The
final stage after theses is the declaration of the results to see who has actually
As the general election is bigger than the local election there will be a couple
more stages but are quite similar to each other. Every election starts off with
candidates filling in the forms to become eligible to apply. All candidates will
have to stand as an independent candidate; this will involve the nomination
form and consent to be in the nomination. After this is achieved he party will
have to stand. This includes the ballot papers and a written report. After a
while this stage will be completed and will more on to the next one which is
spending and donations. This is a regulated period, which can either be a long
or short campaign as their will be public meetings and volunteer times. After
all the meetings etc. there will be the official campaign that will be held. Each
candidate will have to go to key electoral events to do speeches and more.
After everything the final declaration of the results will be given out.
Local and General elections are too elections that are used to get a final result of getting a
candidate voted to become an MP or local council head etc.
General Election Local Election What’s the
Who can stand for
 Any party  Any party
 Specific
In the general
election any party
is eligible to stand
for election along
with the local
election being the
same but
candidates must
have certain
qualifications to be
able to stand as
selection process
 Voted
 Valid candidate (
high status)
 Not allowed to
be in any public
 Over 18 years
 Voted
 Have to be over
18 years old
In the candidate
selection process
they are quite
similar in places as
they both have to
be voted in and be
over 18 years old.
The only
between these
two election
processes is that if
a candidate in
general they must
be a valid
candidate which is
high up and cannot
be in any of the
public services.
The influence of
the party system
on elections
 Newspaper
 Posters to
advertise people
 Biased (media)
 Own opinion
 Not bias
 Word of mouth
When the different
parties want to
influence the
public t vote for
them they’ll use
many different
ways. In the
general election as
It is higher up than
local election there
will be more
advertising on
media and posters
around town. The
general adverts
will be biased to
draw the public in.
The difference
with a local
election is, it’s
their own opinion
and their own
words out of their
mouths which
won’t be biased
like the general
Representatives  Theresa May
 Philip Hammond
 Alan Duncan As the general
election is a much
higher status then
the local elections
there will be
bigger names
wanting to get
voted. Theresa
May and Philip
Hammond are very
high in the
government and
have a high status.
With local
elections the
candidates who
are trying to get
elected don’t
really get heard
about as their
status isn’t very
high as local
elections aren’t
really spoke about
compared to the
general elections.
Period of election  Every 5 years
 First Thursday in
 Every 4 years
 1/3 of election
All elections will
have a period of
May members their election. The
local elections are
shorter than
general elections
by 1 years as the
period of the local
elections are only
4 years but with
the general
election it is every
5 years on the first
Thursday in May.
Also with the local
elections 1/3 of
the election
members must
take part.
Publicity and
 Adverts on TV
 Internet Ads
 Not much on
 Social media
groups in local
 Small
During the election
process parties or
candidates need to
themselves to get
more voters on
their side. In the
general election
they will use the
TV to advertise
who they are and
why you should
vote for them
along with putting
internet adverts.
With the local
election they
won’t anything like
the general
election do but
they advertise
themselves by
doing social media
groups with the
public in their local
areas along with
putting out small
posters on notice
boards around
villages etc. The
local elections
don’t use TV or the
internet as they
aren’t as
important as the
general elections.
The voting process  Electronic
 Polling station
 Poster
 Polling stations Throughout the
voting process
there will be
different ways to
vote for your
candidate you
want. In the
general election
there will be
websites to allow
people to vote
online with their
phones etc.
Another way
people can vote in
the general
election is polling
stations and
posters which are
available for the
public. In the local
election there will
only be a polling
station in the
village hall in the
local area. The
local election
doesn’t have the
internet to allow
people to vote.
Election day
 TV news
 On going
 Live updates
 Getting counted
all the time
 Polling station
 Closes after a
certain time
 Counted up at
the end.
When the election
day comes round
there will be
many different
activities going on
with the general
election. The
media will be
putting out live
updates every
second about who
is getting the
most votes etc.
Also the TV news
will be on going
talking about
votes as they will
be counted all the
time. With the
local election day
the events won’t
be anything like
the general
election. The local
election will have
a polling station
that is open all
day to allow
people to come in
and vote but
there won’t be
any live report as
the polling station
will shut at a
certain time then
all the votes will
be added
together. At the
end of the day
both local and
general elections
will declare the
of elected bodies
 Run the country
 Run certain
(cabinet minister)
 Waste disposal
 Road works
 Public health
When a candidate
is voted as the
winner for the
general election
they will have
more and
than local as it is
higher up. They
would have to run
the country or run
departments in
the government
ministers) such as
ministry of
defence. As the
local council is a
lot lower than the
government the
candidates won’t
have important
like the general
candidate would
have. A couple
responsibilities a
local candidate
would have is
keeping the roads
safe, waste
disposal and
Voting system
 First past the post
 Proportional
 Single
Each election that
occurs will always
use certain or
many different
voting systems to
get the end result
of a winner. In the
general election
they will use
different voting
systems unlike the
local election. The
general will use a
voting system
called first past
the post and
Local elections
compared to
general will only
use one voting
system which is
called single
transferable vote
which voters will
rank the
candidates 5
being the best
and 1 being the
Overall the General and Local elections are similar in some ways. Both of these
democratic elections will have things that are used the same throughout the
election process such as the candidate selection process both elections
requires the candidates to be voted in and they have to be 18 year old. Each
election is effective in their own ways to get their end result of getting a
winning candidate to take responsibility of what’s needed.
Class notes
In the British government there are different levels that come off of the UK
government. There are around 15 different levels in the UK government. Each
level in the government will have their own responsibilities to maintain. All the
different level will specialise in their role making it very effective when doing
their jobs, such as the Executive governments responsibilities are supporting
and enforcing the laws that are made or the Local authorities will to provide
advice support to help individuals will the care system. Each different level is
ranked in the government. The higher the rank the more responsibility they
will have and also have to be role models for the lower level that don’t have as
much responsibilities compared to the higher levels. The bad side is of having
lots of different levels in the government, there are many individuals that work
within the government and will have to be paid. This could cost the UK
government a lot of money as a large amount of people work in the different
The British government has different departments that have been set up for
certain jobs. These different departments are led by different cabinet ministers
depending on what the department is. One department is called the ministry
of defence and is led by a man called Michael Fallon. Another department in
the British government is called the home office and the cabinet minister is
Amber Rudd. Each department will have different types of responsibilities such
as the MOD (Ministry of Defence) will be responsible for doing military
operations and looking after the armed forces. Also the responsibilities that
the Home office will have are things such as preventing and reducing crime in
the UK. Each of these responsivities are appropriate as the department will
specialise in what they are dong which will be effective when doing their job as
everyone knows what they are doing and what to do in any situation such as
an emergency’s. All the different departments will be important in their own
My opinion on the different levels of government is a good thing to have. This
is because I believe that it’s more effective in certain areas. If there was just
the UK government they would have to take all the responsibilities that the
other levels have. In my opinion I don’t think that wouldn’t be effective when
making decisions or doing jobs as everyone in the UK government would have
to specialise in each different job which is too much work. This is why I believe
that having different levels in the government is so much more effective as
each level will specialise in there responsibilities and be more effective when
doing so.
As I said before having different departments is extremely effective. Within the
British government they have different departments set up for certain roles.
This is a good idea as it allows the government to be more organised and will
run a lot more smoothly as all the different departments will cover certain
things to maintain peace or health such as the Ministry of Defence (MOD) is
effective when doing military operations as they specialise within the role. As
there are quite a few different departments in the government, each
department will want more money for equipment new building etc. This could
cost a lot for the British government getting what all the departments require.
Overall I believe that having different levels and departments within the
government is good as it makes it more organised and the government runs a
lot more effective. As I said above having lots of different levels and
departments could cost a lot of money as everyone needs to get paid and
departments are always wanting the latest technology but there is always
room for improvements to make it even more effective.


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