Egyptian art discussion
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Question 1
Egyptian art and Mesopotamian culture both have differences and similarities. At that
time, the Mesopotamian culture was a representation of social security, and their architecture
represented protection as it was made to intimidate visitors and also represent themselves as
strong people while Egyptian art was meant as a representation of control and empowerment.
Therefore, yes, there is a difference between Egyptian art in comparison to the Mesopotamian
culture. The main cultural difference was that the Egyptian culture was based on religion as it
prompted the worship of many gods with the mixture of magical ceremonies and beliefs while
the Mesopotamians emphasized on social stratification and there was a difference in politics and
monument building (Adkins, 2000).

The Mastaba of Ti in Egypt, Saqqara, contains limestone reliefs that decorate the walls.
Ti’s tomb is covered with scenes of hunting and farming. In Egypt, a successful hunt was
deemed a significant defeat over evil. The Ti in the painting is huge. This means that the
sculptors or the painters were drawn in accordance to their ranks. The Ashurbanipal hunting
lions were reliefs in carving stones, and the hunt occurred in controlled environments that
ensured the King’s safety. The lions upon capture were brought back to the king to prove his
Both Ti Hunting and Ashurbanipal hunting hunt animals. In the hippopotamus art, many
people and animals are doing the hunting compared to hunting lions. The hippopotamus art, Ti is
much bigger than the men who hunt the hippopotamus and painters didn’t sketch their subjects
from life. In the Ashurbanipal lion hunting, Ashurbanipal appears stronger and bigger than his
hunting counterparts (Allen, 1999).
Question 2

The artworks shouldn’t be returned to Egypt due to the protection of the artifacts could be
handled differently. Objects and artifacts have been moved from their original placing for a long
time to be sold for profit, put in museums and saved as souvenirs. Some artifacts are historically
rich, and they provide points of national heritage and pride. Egypt recently sued two museums in
Belgium and Egypt for the return of pharaonic reliefs. For example, the Rosetta stone which was
the key to uncovering ancient Egypt’s hieroglyphic language as this could potentially open the
path for the return of many artifacts. Spreading artifacts around the world according to their
origin reduces the understanding of the civilization that our future generation will have.
Question 3
Scholars used the term conservative to describe the ancient Egyptian arts because they
felt the need to show how amazing and beautiful ancient Egypt pictorial arts are. The artists
didn’t make out their images from life, but it applied a firm canon or system of proportions.
There are some conventions that go against the Egyptian iconography. For example, the
formalization and style of royal portraiture while making the lower people on the hierarchy more
natural in comparison to how they looked (Hill, 2007).
A change in religion brings forth a change in art. About King Akhenaten, he abolished
the traditional gods and made the people focus on the worship of one god, the sun god,
regardless of people being in different religions. Akhenaten changed art during his reign,
therefore, revealing that art can indeed change due to a different religion (Adkins, 2000).
He abolished the traditional artistic norms. Upon his death, his nine-year-old son became
king, and he restored the pantheon of Egyptian gods and moved back the capital city to
Memphis. His father’s harsh religious beliefs were too extreme, and he was erased from history,
and he was forgotten. I think that Akhenaten’s move was bold and quite influential although the
fact that the people didn’t agree with his ways made it difficult. To add salt to injury, he redefined
the artistic capabilities and traditional ways and changed them as a result of the claim of
a different god (Diop, 1974).
Question 4
In the image on the video, that is the King Menkaure (Mycerinus) and his Queen, shows
how the woman holding the man is a complete back way perspective on how our images of a
man and woman coupling are represented. Although the pharaoh had the power, there was a
woman behind it who represented the pact of marriage and the power it holds. It truly shows how
us, in the current modern age, we privilege the current world view and review it to the past times.
Question 5
Ancient Egypt culture does stand out in ways that other prior civilizations don’t. This
might be because their artwork was monumental was detailed and appealing. During that period,
Egyptians were able to build the pyramids which at the time, they didn’t have any modern
machinery or mathematical knowledge. The pyramids were tombs for their kings because they
believed so much in death and the afterlife. They also had the urge for the strong representation
of wealth and power (Arnold, 2003).
There is indeed so much yet to be undiscovered. The great pyramids of Giza are the most
mysterious tombs and architectural structures. The archeologists still haven’t found every
opening and every artifact in the tomb. Many ideas surround the pyramids of Giza. One of them
is the notion that Aliens helped in the building of them. The most curious factor is that the
pyramids are appealing and that modern technology is unable to date back to how the Egyptians
did it. This, therefore, leads to the pyramids being an all time mystery to most cultures which
allows the pyramids to be rich in whatever it holds (Faulkner, 1962).
Of course, it does put our advances to civilization in wonder if we think about how the
Egyptians were able to achieve so much with the right materials and calculations in their time.
Even though pyramids are a very distinct symbol of the Egyptian culture, large scale
construction of the pyramid is limited and dated back to a short period in the old kingdom. I
presume that monuments and structures such as the palaces, such as the Buckingham Palace in
England and Europe, in general, will represent our civilization in 4000 years. Although, the fact
that the Pyramids of Giza cannot be compared with any other mind-blowing monument or
architectural structure, should be acknowledged (Hill, 2007).
Question 6
The Egyptians realized that the pyramids were huge targets for tomb raiders. They,
therefore, built pyramids on a smaller scale to serve as a destruction of the robbers. They also
designed much heavier coffins which would be hard to rob. The Greek, later, on, adopted this
particular architectural design. All these factors led to the modification of the cut tombs and
pyramids scales. The construction of the pyramids describes how the pharaoh’s had a powerful
clutch on Egypt through the construction of these monuments.
Adkins, L. and Adkins, R. (2001). The Little Book of Egyptian Hieroglyphics, p155. London:
Hodder and Stought
Adkins, Lesley; Adkins, Roy. (2000). The Keys of Egypt: The Obsession to Decipher Egyptian
Hieroglyphs. HarperCollins Publishers.
Allen, James P. (1999). Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of
Hieroglyphs. Cambridge University Press.
Arnold, Dieter. (2003). The encyclopedia of ancient Egyptian architecture. Cairo: American
University in Cairo Press.
Diop, Cheikh Anta. (1974). The African Origin of Civilization. Chicago, Illinois: Lawrence Hill
Faulkner, Raymond O. (1962). Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian. Griffith Institute.
Hill, Marsha (2007). Gifts for the gods: images from Egyptian temples. New York: The
Metropolitan Museum of Art.


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