Holocaust (history)

Holocaust (history)

Description

Holocaust (history)




This report examines the Fuhrer Adolf Hitler’s political decisions concerning the Nazi regime’s
goals of race and space on both domestic and foreign fronts since his rise to power in 1933. With
the use of major propaganda campaigns and opening of concentration camps, the Nazis taking
over the government demonstrated the steps at a domestic level that they would take into
enforcing ‘’racial purity’’, population cleansing and preparation for warfare. When it comes to
foreign policies, this report will demonstrate how the desire for an expansion of Aryan living
space, Lebensraum, has escalated into the creation of several Polish ghettos, countless attacks on
Germany’s supposed enemies and military preparation, culminating into specific events that I
have witnessed during my time in Germany thus far.
Firstly, Hitler’s quest to purify the German race from the ‘’Jewish problem’’ and other
ethnic groups came from eugenics and racist bases and he started testing the waters very early on
in his political career with the implementation of domestic anti-Jewish laws. What started with
the boycotting of Jewish businesses and the banning of German Jews from civil service1
rapidly
escalated into the 1933 opening of Dachau2
, the first concentration camp, showing the German
population that anti-Semitism was the core of the Nazi ideology. The same year, they also


introduced the process of ‘’coordination’’, Gleichschaltung, in which the Nazis took over the
main aspects of the government, where they could supervise and dictate the mass media, clubs
and education systems among others and basically shape the population’s thoughts3
. Regarding
the anti-Jewish laws, I heard from a source back home that countries such as the United-States
and Britain threatened to boycott German merchandise in order to protest the breeching of
human rights towards the Jews4
and I found it quite admirable. Along with these conditions,
many propaganda efforts, such as intimidating torchlight parades, public book burnings and the
infamous 1934 documentary The Triumph of Will were all tests manufactured by the Nazis to
survey the public’s reaction: the indifference and lack of awareness of the population kept the
government’s plans going5
. However, the events that occurred during the year of 1938 seriously
started to implement in the population’s mind that racial policies were going to generate further
violence in the months to come. On the night of November 9th of that year, the Kristallnacht
pogrom throughout Germany and Austria caused the major destruction and burning of
synagogues, Jewish homes and the beating of innocent civilians and marked the arrest of the very
first Jewish men arrested simply because they were Jewish6
. Afterwards, such episodes of crimes
and aggressive acts towards Jews became alarmingly frequent and very public.

Secondly, several foreign policy-related events such as the 1938 German annexation of
Austria (the Anschluss) and the creation of Jewish ghettos and the building of many new
concentration camps outside of Germany marked a new milestone: the quest for Aryan space. All
of these planned concepts were based on the Fuhrer’s hunger for more ‘’Aryan living space’’,
Lebensraum9
, which he intended to aggressively take away from his European neighbors. His
negotiation of a Non-Aggression pact with Poland, for example, was never truly intended to be
respected and soon came the time for the Poles to be violently expropriated and dehumanized by
being sent to ghettos, where they lived in horrible and unsanitary conditions before being
deported throughout several working camps. I need not say that Hitler never really put the
military preparations to rest. In 1939 Poland was once again unknowingly and involuntarily part
of Germany’s plans when it was declared and divided in two as the secret boundary between
Hitler and Stalin, making official the Ribbentrop- Molotov pact that would have Poland be
attacked by both sides later on10
.
Finally, this is how Hitler’s policies on race and living space have progressed so far:
through violent discrimination and invasion of neighboring territories. Every time the Fuhrer has
taken a risk that ended up being successful, I have witnessed a larger crowd starting to trust him,

encouraging the spread of racial policies at home and abroad11
. In my next draft, I must share
with you a collective worry that is starting to rise that I was quite disturbed by: rumors among
colleagues here are that unconceivable, horrific mass murders are starting to occur in these said
work camps. I will extend further on the subject and keep you updated with these, hopefully,
Nazi terror tales.
Word count : 735.

2.
Dr. Morris Fishbine
Canadian Medical Association
July 1945
This report will examine my discoveries on the dominant antisemitic mindset that created the
basis of the extermination of millions of Europeans and damages far worse that the world could
ever predict on the medical sphere of twentieth century Germany. One of Hitler’s main thoughts
was that if any race was not expanding, it was doomed to disappear. And it is in this context that
he coined the term ‘’Aryan’’ and his belief on the purity of a nation by ‘’purging’’ it from
several ethnic or social groups that were deemed undesirable to its successful globe dominating
growth (the Jews, Gypsies, Jehovah witnesses, homosexuals, ‘’asocials’’ and mentally or
physically disabled12). It is to my dismay that I have discovered postwar Nazi evidence, in
several German clinics and hospitals of this effort to cleanse the Third Reich society as well as
countless falsified medical records. I present you some of my findings on the significance of the
German domestic and foreign policies on races and how it influenced health experts do to the
unthinkable. This report briefly discusses the theory of Social Darwinism, the creation of the T-4
program and the euthanasia practice spread on both domestic and foreign levels13
.

Firstly, it is paramount to study the theory that stands behind the development of the
killing programs. Based on the concept of Social Darwinism, Hitler’s idea of a typical German
society was that only the strongest race of human beings would survive, which was the pure,
Aryan race. Other races or ‘’bloods’’, needed to be annihilated because humanity was going
through a struggle between races and the weakest had to be destroyed14
. Hitler actually used the
excuse of ‘’crime prevention’’ to explain the later killing of the gypsies15
. When the Furher
targeted the disabled fragment of the population in 1933 by introducing a law to legalize eugenic
sterilization, it quickly led to the proclamation of the Law for Prevention of Hereditarily
Diseased Offspring two months later16
. Although criticized by the Catholic Church (and later by
Galen for crimes against humanity)17, Hitler did not waste any time in the advancing of his plans
to ostracize, exile and dispose of the ‘’unworthy of living’’ category that was ‘’polluting’’ his
idea of a perfect race. After all, who could stand up to the Fuhrer in Nazi Germany? They
obviously had no clue that Hitler would bring this concept from the sterilization to the murder of
the disabled in 193918
. Oddly enough, the racial hygiene laws and propaganda seemed to be
extremely efficient, for the Furher even felt encouragements echoed by certain members of the
population. Indeed, I came across a letter that Hitler received in 1938 by a certain Knauer
regarding his deformed newborn and how he wished to dispose of the ‘’creature’’, asking the

14 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 36
15 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 14
16 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 61-62
17 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 132
18 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 127
Karine Lavallee Wlasichuk 8
Chancellor for help19. Hitler’s answer was immediate: the child could be executed and the
following year, all midwives and doctors were ordered to report and control the fate of any
disabled child in the country. This program being a trial in Germany, the Nazis brought the
initiatives to Poland in 1939 by shooting mentally ill or deformed patients of all ages20
. These
patients were deemed incurable and thus given a mercy death by the government in a said legal
matter…truth is, most of these killings ended up being systematic cleansing (by lethal injections,
poisons, and finally, rapid and effective gas chambers) for hospital bed clearings for the war
effort21
. In my researching, I also came across the T-4 program, which aimed at institutionalizing
and eliminating disabled adults following a specific formula, 1000: 10: 5:1 that caused thousands
of casualties in Nazi Germany and Poland22. The program’s secrecy also become harder to keep
throughout the years because it involved too many citizens and the stench of the burning bodies,
with the apparent smoke, were all getting harder to dissimulate or explain
23. The fact that these
killing centers kept operating after the war was over is a blithering proof that it never was about
war utilities or bed spaces, but for the fight of race, along the same ideas of purging the
population. Under Hitler’s totalitarian ideology, it was always about race and space, as simple as
that24
.

19 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 99
20 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 130
21 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 130
22 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 128
23 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 131
24 Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield, 2009, 2nd ed.,
Maryland USA, print page 36
Karine Lavallee Wlasichuk 9
Finally, it is thus how I learned about the children and adults being murdered in hospitals
through the strong belief of theories such as Social Darwinism and racial purity, the use of the T4
program and other discriminating policies in domestic and foreign contexts and how it affected
the fate of my people.
Word Count: 749

Works cited
Bergen L. Doris, War & Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust, Rowman & Littlefield,
2009, 2nd ed., Maryland USA.

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