Topic: Correctional Administration
In the 19th century a trend showed an increase of crime rates like killing, stealing, blackmailing
and other acts of felony. At the end of 1980, a large number of prisoners had been detained as
penalty of their wrong doing. Upon serving their penalty, individuals still showed unchanged
behavior and some had to be convicted for life imprisonment for repeating the same action. It
was alarming, and many states had to find a way to help these inmates live without engaging in
criminal behaviors. Development of behavior correction measures was one of the programs
adopted in prisons to help the prisoners be good citizens as they began a new life after captivity.
This paper gives a description of programs learnt and taught to prisoners, the curriculum to be
followed and ways to ensure efficient operation of the correction systems through checking of
management, supervision, staffing and technology.
Upon the receipt of requirements from the commissioner, an assessment of the requirements was done
through analysis of the possibility of achieving such goals. A comparison with other correction centers
was done, and the results aligned in relation with the size, labor and funds available to implement
the goals. Utilization of mathematical techniques was applied in order to determine when to train
and funds to be utilized so as to achieve the set goals (Wilkinson, 2005).
Correctional institutions are meant to inject discipline to individuals who commit felony. The
curriculum will not only help the inmates get a good job but also help them live comfortably
with the society. As a director of programs, the incorporation of an institutional curriculum will
ensure smooth operation of the correctional center and help inmates to leave their criminal ways.
The curriculum will entail a 10 week program that will be adopted to the inmates when their time
of release nears. It is important because training them immediately they join the correction may
make them forget for lack of field to put what they have learnt for their benefit and that of the
Through the program, the inmates will be helped to reconnect with their humanity and help to
reduce killings. Further, the inmates will realize that losing their freedom will not be a rite of
passage, but a correction measure to teach them into desirable behavior embraced by the society.
While the inmates are behind the bars, they will be able to learn auto mechanics and welding as
stipulated in the instructional curriculum.
To start with, the curriculum will incorporate both educational aspects and non-educational
aspects. Educational aspects will help the inmates get a decent job once they are released and
join the outside world. Non-educational aspects will include events that help the criminals learn
the way they should live with the society. The events include food pairing competitions, group
working, anger management, importance of keeping their body fit, among others
As from the time of reentry, the inmates they will be made aware of whom and what they were
and introduced to what they will learn three months prior to their gaining of their freedom.
Victim awareness will be one of the courses in the educational curriculum that will run as from
the time the inmates are induced into the correction center. The course will run through the entire
period of captivity until the time of realizing. The individuals will be made aware of what is
expected by the law and what they did in contrast with the law requirements. It will enable them
learn and understand they are victims and learn new ways to avoid such an occurrence once they
are released. Anger is the cause of bad mistakes and law breaking behavior. Individuals do what
they could not have done because of anger. Thus as a director of programs, the curriculum that
I’ll develop will cover anger management and ways to avoid its repercussions. This being not a
very large course, the training will run for two months starting the time the inmates enter the
correction system. It will enable them live well with their fellow inmates and be ready with the
transition they will undergo as they join the outside community (Wanberg, 2001).
Drug abuse affects not only individuals from a particular country but the entire world as a whole.
Some individuals in the correction center will be under captivity because of being found in
possession of illegal drugs. Thus, the proposed instructional curriculum will entail addiction and
substance abuse study. The course is wide because of a large number of drugs that are abused
lately. In order to benefit the inmates whose detention period lasts less than 37 months, only a
section of largely abused drugs will be covered and ways to live free of such drugs trained. The
course will be meant to run for two weeks.
Crime rate is high in most developing countries. It is not an escape for developed countries either
only that the level of crime for the two classes of countries differ. Normally individuals use force
to gain what they want from the public or at homes. It is worthwhile to note that gender rights
violation is in the rise in comparison with what its level was a decade ago. It is evident since
women and men battering behavior in domestic homes are in the rise. The more use of guns and
sophisticated devices to demand things from the general public of late is a clear aspect showing
that crime is in the rise. Thus, the correction behavior of reducing these events will be
incorporated in the instructional curriculum through domestic violence and crimes against both
men, women and children program. The course will be meant to run for the entire ten weeks
period prior to the inmates’ release.
So that to live with the society, the inmates will be taught how to divert from what made them to
be detained through a gang diversion program. The program will teach them the way to leave
their inhumanity behaviors behind and embrace a new life desired by the community. It will
entail teaching them other methods to earn a living other than engaging in crime. As a gang
diversion measure, activities like carpentry, driving, auto mechanics and welding will be taught
within a duration of over six months to inject enough knowledge and skills on how to live
Within the instructional curriculum, will be a program entailing on ways to resolve conflicts
other than engaging in fights or actions that undermine the rights of an individual. The ten weeks
running program will run as from the time of reentry of the inmates into the correction system
and will cover on contemporary ways to do away with fighting, abusing one another or any other
combined methods which are deemed to be immoral as ways of resolving conflicts. Within the
program, dialogue will be adopted and seeking aid from the law if matters go beyond the hands
of parties engaged other than taking law into their hands.
Many individuals may be convicted to life of imprisonment for committing felonies like
parenting problems. It is a fact that late fathers or mothers abandon their kids or treat them in
ways that are not in line what is expected of them. Things like fathers raping their own
daughters, women giving excessive discipline to their kids or fighting between the parents such
that the children are denied the chance to enjoy their parental rights are just a few to mention.
The result of this is that the law intervenes and takes its course. The inmates are captured and
denied freedom as a penalty of their actions. In order to prepare them to go back to the society,
parenting program will be adopted in the instruction curriculum. This will teach the inmates on
matters concerning parenting and penalties in line with failure to follow what is expected of them
put clear. This program will thus help correct those inmates convicted of parenting felonies
change their bad behaviors in readiness of joining the welcoming society.
Other programs that will be incorporated in the instructional curriculum include training the
inmates on ways to communicate without violence, reentry into the society and living with
purpose. The later will teach the inmates realize that they are living with a purpose, and they can
resolve in ways to achieve their dreams other than living in ways that depict lost hope thus
engaging in acts of felony (Truax, 2000).
In order to coordinate the training of staff members, there will be an annual training requirement
devised program. The program will be made such that all the staff members undergo training in a
rotational manner annually. This is one of the methods of job redesign, and it will be meant to
motivate the staff and provide high-quality services other than removing job dissatisfaction.
Annually, a given number of the working staff will be trained on ways to handle the correction
system inmates and how to cultivate good behavior in them. So that to cut down on costs and
time, on the job training will be adopted in the curriculum to enable the officers train at the same
time work to do away with the issue of time wastage. Selected members of the staff will undergo
off the job training in order to encourage fresh flow of new ideas into the correction center.
The training units will be made such that there is a direct connection between one-level and the
other. This will be achieved through reducing the number of steps an officer has to pass before
reaching an individual in the other department. This will aid in encouraging coordination
between each training unit. For every unit, programs taught by that unit and power it possesses
should be made known by other units and these units tied both horizontally through developing
of units with the same power and vertically through development of units with higher authority
than the others. An expert will be invited and train each unit separately in accordance to the skills
held by that specific unit before training other units below that in the rank(Truax, 2000).
For the staff in the division of the parole, annual training seminars will be conducted, and
educational tours concerning the inmates under probation before their release being taught to
them. The plan will integrate a comprehensive detail of what is to be done, and the in prepare the
inmates in readiness to be received by the society. The time an individual stays in the parole will
be revised, and correction made with respect to training of the staff at the parole division. Every
staff will have to under training after a given duration preferably one year to attract fresh inflow
of synergy and ideas into the division. For every staff undergoing training will ensure the
division is well coordinated.
The budget checks the financial spending of the organization. Without this tool, impulsive
spending maybe experienced with unnecessary spending on things which opt to have come last
in the priority rank. Thus, formulation of the budget of things to do and not to do is an essential
tool towards managing the financial funds of the organization. In the correctional system,
priorities of what to be done in the next ten years will be important so as to identify failures and
expected cash set aside for this priorities. There are risks and uncertainties in any behavior
correction system thus early planning and budgeting of priorities may help to reduce such risks
e.g. the system may require bigger rooms to accommodate higher number of inmates during the
future. Identification and setting aside funds for this project would help to counter this risk hence
minimizing the cost that may be spent if this was not prior budgeted for.
Being a program director, I’ll develop a system that will aim at analyzing the performance of
each member of staff and device a simple method of measuring the work output. Determination
of the work output of the center aids to identify whether an organization is giving out what it
ought to give in a given timeline and if not corrective measures taken. The staff that does not
work to achieve the organizations’ intended goals will be transferred to centers with high
supervision in order to monitor their work output volume. Further, a program will be devised
which rotates the working staff so that to reduce job boredom and make individuals become
experts in terms of all the services trained within the center. The members will be rotated after
every two years of working at a given position for a period covering the next ten years. This
means that in the future, if an organization opts to diversify and require more staff with particular
experience only, they will be obtained from within the organization thus reducing extra costs
incurred in advertisements and recruitment of new staff.
It is not abnormal for out of the ordinary occurrences, some members of staff may wish to work
with other organizations or wish to completely quit from the work. Moreover under natural
circumstances some individuals may die due unpredictable predicaments. For the next decade, a
training program will be developed that trains those people who show interest of working for the
organization. They will be oriented at the workplace and given a small work to do upon
mastering the required skills. In the case of risks or wanting behavior from the working staff, the
new recruits will be screened and given the job. This program will help to provide a driving force
as far as staffing is concerned (Horvath, 2005).
Some systems are designed such that they become obsolete after a certain period of useful time.
This is common for most electronic gadgets. For instance, typewriters were very common in the
last decade, lately they have been replaced with modern computers and powerful machines that
combine all the efforts into just a simple and versatile machine. This means in case the correction
system does not keep in touch and flow with the wave of modern technology; the system may be
outdated and offer nothing in line with its mission. The program will be developed that seeks to
understand new technology immediately they arise, and budget set aside for training flexible
individuals on new skills and methods so that to reap the benefits of the modern technology. 10%
of funds allocated to the correction center will be set aside to cover for adoption of new
technology within a decade.
Management is one of emerging and driving force that keeps everything going. It has been
witnessed very successful organizations falling because of management issues. This is a key
aspect that will be given much priority and a system devised that will consider management
within a period covering ten years. A leadership training program will be developed that
provides a wide array of training to various units within the correction center to meet the
demands of management needs of both the current and the future years. The staff’s behavior will
be monitored and controlled through set rules and penalties given for breaking the rules. The
rules will be modified or restructured if need be. Due to changing technology and the dynamic
aspect of the modern society, the rules will also be made to have a dynamic feature and revised
within after every year for a period covering ten years.
It will be a priority of an organization to recruit highly trained staff and executive line managers
with the required expertise. This will be achieved through advertisements using present members
of what the organization needs. The use of this method will also ensure extra costs are not
encountered during searching of new individuals to fill the space of any manager who quits. I’ll
develop a program that seeks to train the working staff or new recruits on supervision skills such
that one supervisor will be able to achieve a wide span of control. Superb supervision ensures
much work is done in a desired period thus avoiding unnecessary monitoring of the working
staff. The training will on a one-year basis on the job. Funds will be set aside to cover for future
training at every year for a period covering a decade (Horvath, 2005).
The correctional systems of behaviour of individuals is not only meant to give discipline to
wrongdoers for their actions, but also meant to teach and correct the inmates such that the time
they are freed they can be good citizens. Further, they should also come up with ways to earn a
living through the corrective program learnt during their times as detainees. With the duration of
37 months, the inmates will be able to go through some of the traditional behavior correction
methods as follows;
Aggression replacement training-this is a multimodal intervention program that will aim at
reducing anger and violence among the prisoners. The program will teach the prisoners how to
manage their anger such that they can be good counselors once they complete the course. The
program will include social skills training that will deal with teaching the detainees interpersonal
skills on how to deal with cases that provoke anger. The components of the program include
anger control training which will teach the inmates on skills to minimize their affective impulses
so that to behave with anger. This can be achieved by increasing the self-competencies of the
prisoners. The eligibility criteria will consider those prisoners who show interest of becoming
counselors and upon assessment be proofed to control their tempers. The inmates will proof a
one-hour attendance in class every day for each week for the duration of ten weeks. It is intended
that the inmates capture good skills to control and manage their anger in the duration of ten
weeks before they reenter into the society.
Prisoners’ conduct and substance abuse treatment-this is a traditional corrective measure that will
aim at providing a standardized and a well-defined approach to treatment of those inmates who
are manifested by substance abuse and criminal justice issues. The program will run for one year
whereby cognitive and behavior based treatment will be done for drug abusing offenders. For
one to be illegible for this course, he must be 18 years or older, though those inmates who are
older may benefit from sections of the program. It is anticipated that when the course comes to
an end the inmates could have known the effects of drugs in their body and teach others to
abstain from such drugs prohibited by law.
Auto mechanics-this program will teach the inmates about things to do with motion. This will
range from engines and repair of vehicles. The procedure will be demonstrated to the inmates
and various methods to start an engine taught. Moreover, they will be taught how to repair and
maintain vehicles with engine problems and analyze its gear transmission system. Males with the
age of less 30 years will be eligible for the course. This is because this work is more of strength
and skills thus youths less than this age will be ideal for the course. It will be intended that the
inmates become mechanical engineers who will help the society once they leave the prison
Carpentry-it is a traditional course whose role will be to teach the inmates on ways to make
furniture for home use. The program will aim at incarnating the inmates with the knowledge of
designing, repairing and maintaining of furniture. The furniture will comprise of sofa sets, tables,
chairs and other ranges of furniture. Anybody will be eligible for the program as long as he
shows interest. The course is supposed to be conducted for one year starting from the time the
inmates are received into the prison. They should be able to learn and appreciate carpentry, and
discover that it is a source of income other than white collar jobs they may think of.
Welding-the program will be intended to give outcomes of mastering of welding procedure, tools
for welding and how to weld. Knowledge of how to weld broken metal parts will be taught, and
the inmates taught how to make metal doors and windows. It will be a three months program,
and candidates interested will be identified and trained (Goldstein, 2005).
Goldstein, G. (2005). Aggression Replacement Training. Ilinois: IL: Research Press.
Horvath, S. (2005). Relation therein in working alliance and results in psychotherapy. Journal of
Counseling Psychology, 38(2): 139–149.
Truax, M. (2000). Psychotherapy and Behavior Change. New York: John Wiley & Son.
Wanberg, M. (2001). Criminal behavior and Substance Abuse Rehabilitation: Strategies for SelfImprovement
and Change. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Wilkinson, J. (2005). Analyzing evidence in the effectiveness of the Reasoning and
Rehabilitation Programme. HowardJournal of Criminal Justice, 44(1): 70–85.